Parent-Child Interaction in Distance Learning During the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) Pandemic


  • Puri Kusuma Dwi Putri University of Dian Nuswantoro
  • Susri Adeni University of Bengkulu



social interaction, parents, COVID-19 pandemic, distance learning, early childhood


The Distance Learning Policy (PJJ) during the pandemic prevented children from going to school. They ought to learn from home with the sophistication of Information Communication Technology (ICT). The existence of social restrictions during the pandemic reduces children's social interactions with teachers. Thus, the role of parents while at home is important to achieve the success of Distance Learning in early childhood during the pandemic. The purpose of this study is to describe and explore how parent-child interactions use ICT through PJJ during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research method used is qualitative with a phenomenological approach. The informants consisted of 3 parents and 3 Pre-school and Kindergarten students who underwent PJJ during the Covid-19 pandemic. The results of the study show that firstly, the majority of mothers engage in social interactions more frequently during PJJ with their children, because they are more active at home. Second, the role of parental communication is important in PJJ assistance. Parents control when their children use gadgets. Third, the existence of PJJ does not make children want to always access gadgets, because parent-child interaction in screen time has been built before the pandemic.